In this article we want to try to shed some light on whether electronic cigarettes are safe or not. Its probably reasonable to say electronic cigarettes are not dangerous. Certainly less dangerous in light of actual tobacco cigarette smoking considering what e cigs are and how they work. Starting with the basics of function of the e cigarette we examine if electronic cigarettes are safe or dangerous. The electronic cigarette or e-cigarette is an electromechanical or electronic device designed to simulate the act of smoking of tobacco . It is referred to as “electronic cigarette” or “e-cigarette” because it recalls the shape and the use of real cigarette and smoke.
The term “electronic” or “e-” is an element of marketing invented in 2005, for devices that are not included at the time elements electronic or microprocessor. In 2013, some sophisticated devices are electronic, with variable voltage and / or power puff count, screen, etc. When they have the shape of a cigar or a pipe , then they may also be called “electronic cigarette” or “e-pipe”.
They produce a vapor formed from a “liquid-e” containing particular propylene glycol or glycerol, and optionally various flavoring nicotine. However, they may take more original forms.
The principle of an electronic cigarette is to produce steam.There are 2 methods possible: either by using technical heater or ultrasound (expensive and complex to industrialize) . Resistance called “atomizer” heats a liquid (called “e-liquid”), which can evaporate at a temperature close to 50 ° C . The electronic cigarette users often prefer the term “vapoter” or “vaper” (derived from the word ” steam “) instead of smoking.
According to us experts, The smokers’ access to e-cigarettes should not be hindered, “because, given the current data, they seem to reduce damage when replacing the cigarette. For experts, the use of e-cigarettes, however, must be prohibited in all places where it is traditionally forbidden to smoke. Allegations of type “to smoke where it is prohibited” is an indirect incentive to smoking prohibited by law.They also recommend to ban the sale of e-cigarettes to minors, as is the case for tobacco products. The rules applying to tobacco advertising, they must be transposed to the electronic cigarette. If you are a heavy smoker, it may be well to switch to electronic cigarettes based on the fact that cigarette smoking is a complex and difficult addiction to overcome and to replace the action and habit of smoking without inhaling tobacco smoke and its inherent risks, electronic cigarette vaping would be a logical alternative.
The drug agency (MSNA) since 2011 also recommends not to use electronic cigarettes, noting that according to the concentration of nicotine, they can be considered as drugs or consumer products. But no manufacturer has to today filed a request for authorization to place on the market as a drug, reports the agency. Electronic cigarettes can not be sold in pharmacies because they are not on the list of products that can be dispensed by pharmacists.
Are these propylene glycol electronic cigarettes harmful or Therapeutic?
World Health Organization (WHO) continues to consider that “electronic cigarettes do not have demonstrated therapeutic effects.”,despite one study, highly controversial conducted in Perigueux on 100 smokers who “want to stop drinking” by Dr. Jacques Granger, president of the Committee against respiratory diseases Dordogne. In this small sample of 100 smokers, would have resulted in three months a “final judgment” in 11 guinea pigs. But for smoking cessation, everyone knows how much credit must be given to the word “final” with a decline in three months …
Above all, it is the same status of the object
– no control required – that we can never be absolutely assured: even if its different chemical constituents glycerin, propylene glycol, terpenes, etc..
– Proved quite harmless, where is the guarantee that nothing else is hiding in there? Whether inadvertently by fraud or lucrative necessity.
Remember the industrial silicone breast implants made in France. So what about the Chinese propylene glycol? Who will analyze the mundane e-cigarettes, while no one cares surgical implants? And the National Security Agency of Medicines and Health Products (MSNA) recommends not to use this product, which “does not have control of its components, or as a medicine or as a consumer product ”
25% of college students would have dabbled
According to a recent publication of the German Centre for Research on Cancer, Heidelberg, “electronic cigarettes can not be considered safe, because consumers have no reliable information on the product. We have very little data on its impact on health in the short, medium and long term.
” Specialists believe that the e-liquid can “irritate the airways and cause allergic reactions.” And they find that the air exhaled by “shows traces of formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, acrolein, diethylene glycol, nickel, chromium and lead” e-smoking.
In short, smoke e-smoking seems almost as alluring as the natural tobacco. Even if we keep right: here, there is no question of carbon monoxide, tar, benzene, and radioactive polonium – the most evil ingredients of the “normal” smoke. Most experts agree that without full stop e-tobacco seems preferable. Although it has the major disadvantage of perpetuating the fatal gesture – to constitute a sort of initiatory gateway, waiting to taste the authentic cibiche aka “serious night” according to the National League against Cancer , “it is the youth that they believe can smoke safely.” 25% of college students have already dabbled in the e-cigarette.
Green light tinged with orange flashing
Given the enthusiasm it generates, it is hardly conceivable for the time of prohibition – that yet few countries have done, such as Brazil and Israel. “In France, cannabis is prohibited, and see the result …” said Professor Bertrand Dautzenberg, pulmonologist and president of the French Office of Tobacco Prevention.
In its report submitted to Marisol Touraine, Minister of Health, the specialist gives a kind of green light tinged with orange flashes: the e-cigarette should continue to be permitted, but not useful as a drug or a “tobacco product “- which, legally, would have been a little freestyle since it does not contain. However, the report recommends limiting the concentration of nicotine and 18 mg / ml. Validation with reservations to warn vapoteurs: nothing is known of long-term effects of inhaled aroma chemicals. The e-cigarette is on track to maintain its status as a UFO.
Are Electronic Cigarettes bad for you: What the US report recommends
Ban in public places, sale in licensed establishments, no access to minors … Experts recommend a strict framework.
Strict regulation to Prohibit E-cigarette in public places
Us reports recommend that the use of the electronic cigarette is subject to the same restrictions as tobacco , therefore it should be prohibited in places where smoking is prohibited.
Sold in licensed establishments
Supermarkets and other general stores” as is currently the case. First distributed on the internet, it now has dedicated signs of growing. According to Professor Bertrand Dautzenberg, quoted by Le Point , there are now some 350 outlets in US, against a hundred in December 2012 and one in January 2010.
Prohibited to minors
The report also calls for a ban of e-cigarettes on minors lest it promotes smoking initiation. Professor Dautzenberg expresses extremely reticent regarding minors for whom the e-cigarette is “an avenue of potential entry into the smoking “. According to a recent study in Us, 64% of youth aged 12 to 14 who had tried e-cigarettes had never smoked before, said Bertrand Dautzenberg.
The rules for the advertising of tobacco must also be transposed to the electronic cigarette, according to the report. In other words, the e-cigarette should fall under the Evin 1991 that ” any propaganda or advertising, direct or indirect, of tobacco or of tobacco products as well as free distribution are prohibited, “including in outlets.
Safety to be proved by manufacturers
The recommendations include the requirement for manufacturers to prove the safety of flavoring used and limited off drug status, the amount of nicotine used density 18mg/ml against a current maximum concentration of 20 mg / ml of sales in specialized stores .
A draft European directive proposes even lower than 4mg/ml, which completely deter smokers, according to Bertrand Dautzenberg. The pulmonologist also points out that using the liquid form is “a clean way to take nicotine” especially for heavy smokers. In 2008, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that these cigarettes could not be regarded as a legitimate therapy to help smokers quit. They are banned in several countries, including Turkey, Brazil, Argentina and Singapore.